By: Nutrition Expert- Vidula Kozarekar, Mumbai.
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Guava is one of the most important fruit and it is considered as apple of the tropics. In India; its position is forth after mango, banana, and citrus so far as area and production of major fruits are considered. Guavas are considered excellent sources of antioxidant phytochemicals, which include ascorbic acid, carotenoids, antioxidant dietary fibre, and polyphenols.
Carotenoids, which are yellow, red, and orange pigments, have demonstrated many beneficial health effects related to their antioxidant properties. Guava’s major carotenoid, lycopene, is responsible for the pink coloration in pink guava’s flesh.
The common types of guava include apple guava, yellow-fruited cherry guava, strawberry guava, and red apple guava. It is mostly eaten raw (ripe or semi-ripe) or consumed in the form of juice, jams, and jellies. The common guava has a fruit with a yellow skin and white, yellow or pink flesh. Guavas are known for their sweet and tangy flavour and many uses, but there’s much more to this fruit than meets the eye. Many consider it a “magical” fruit because of its array of nutrients and medicinal uses.
Interesting Facts and Health benefits of Guava:
- Guava has a good amount of lycopene that is carotenoid phytonutrient. Lycopene has anti-tumor properties and protects from prostate cancer.
- Guava is rich in dietary fibre, which can reduce the sugar levels in the body and help diabetes patients take control of their health.
- People suffering from chronic pain can use the fruit and derive benefit from its anti-inflammatory properties.
- Guavas contain a mineral known as folate. It helps promote fertility in humans.
- Guava is rich in magnesium which acts as a nervous relaxant. It helps to relax muscles and nerves of the body.
- Guava has a capacity to shrink and contract any open tissues in your body.
- This has anti-bacterial properties that can flush out the harmful toxins and bacteria from your body.
- Guava juice is an effective remedy to treat dengue fever. It is recommended to drink the guava juice at least three times in a day for effective results.
- Pink guavas contain twice the amount of lycopene present in tomatoes. Lycopene is an antioxidant that protects our skin from being damaged by UV rays and environmental pollution.
Uses of Guava:
- The whole fruit of this plant is edible.
- The fruit can be eaten raw or even cooked.
- Fruits are sliced and used as salads or desserts.
- Beverages are also prepared from the pulp of the fruit.
- Many varieties of delicacies such as jam, guava paste, and guava cheese are produced from the fruit.
- The leaves are also edible and have medicinal properties.