Nutrition Expert: Sana Saiyed, practicing Dietitian and Certified Diabetes Educator, Mumbai.
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Gastritis is an inflammation of the protective lining of the stomach that can occur suddenly, or gradually.
It is also described as a group of conditions with one thing in common i. e. inflammation of the stomach.
The irritation is mainly caused by bacterial, excessive alcohol use, vomiting, stress, or due to certain medications like aspirin. H pylori is the most common cause for gastritis in 90 percent of the world population. (1)
Types of Gastritis:
There are mainly two types of gastritis, acute and chronic. Acute gastritis includes sudden and severe inflammation and chronic gastritis involves years of inflammation, if left untreated.
Gastritis doesn’t cause sign and symptoms but you should watch out for: uneasiness in the upper abdomen, bloating, pain in the upper abdomen which gets better either by eating something or gets worse, nausea.
Make sure to see your doctor if these symptoms occur before it gets too worse.
Your stomach lining is strong. In most cases, acid does not hurt it. But it can get inflamed and irritated if you drink too much alcohol, eat spicy foods, have damage from pain relievers called NSAIDs, or smoke.
Triggers that you need to be careful of:
Spicy food as it erodes the stomach lining by producing high ph acid in the stomach, too much alcohol consumption, excess stress, long gaps in eating food, fasting, drinking less water.
Dietary Recommendations for controlling the symptoms.
- Avoid eating raw vegetables in any form, also make sure to manage eating cruciferous vegetables like cabbage, cauliflower rarely as they may contribute to belching or bloating.
- Include fiber in your diet as it controls the damage to the stomach and maintains the PH of the stomach juices. Fiber like fruits, vegetables, oats. barley, jowar should be included in your daily diet.
- Probiotics are really powerful as they does not let H pylori bacteria get attached on the stomach wall, it inhibits the growth of the bacteria promoting good health. Consuming curd, buttermilk once or twice in a day can help you maintain the stomach health avoid you from all the troubles of gastritis pain.
- Consuming too much caffeine or milk tea will give good environment to the H pylori bacteria to grow causing more damage to the stomach walls. caffeine also stimulates acid secretion, making the symptoms more worse.
- Either consume alcohol occasionally or completely avoid it as it slows the healing rate of the stomach since it favors the H pyloric infection and the ammonia produced from it.
- Consuming green tea has shown a positive impact as it promotes the metabolic rate and has antioxidant properties too, hence consuming 2 cups of green tea instead of milk is recommended.
- Drinking enough water as per your body weight can help you decrease the symptoms too since water can help to get the acidic PH to be normal within the gastric juices.
- Including Vitamin A rich food like carrots, tomatoes, spinach, broccoli, dark green leafy vegetables and supplements like cod liver oil can help in repairing the stomach lining and promoting good health .